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“企业”和“公司”有什么区别?Enterprise vs Company?

2024-06-18 08:26:46      点击:446

“企业”和“公司”不是企业一个概念 "Enterprise" and "company" are not the same concept


Isnt "enterprise" and "company" the same concept?司有什区 No, they are related, but there are also obvious differences.


The司有什区 enterprise existed for a long time before the company was created, and the enterprise is not the same as the company.


For example,司有什区 in the big storm of strict investigation of tax issues in the entertainment industry in 2018, we saw that the first thing that happened was Fan Bingbings studio. These studios in the entertainment industry were actually "Individual Proprietorships Enterprise."


For another example, in the divorce lawsuit between Wang Baoqiang and Ma Rong in 2016, the news reported that they were fighting over a company called "KQCBTR Investment Management Partnership". This called "Partnership Enterprise", and it is not. company.


It should be noted that when someone says "enterprise", he may be talking about "Individual Proprietorship Enterprise", or "Partnership Enterprise", or "Company". In other words, there are three types of enterprises, and the company is just one of them. The first two types of enterprises are also called classical enterprises and cannot be called companies.

古典企业 Classic Enterprise


At the end of 1883, a company under the name of Hu Xueyan, a famous businessman in the late Qing Dynasty, called Fukang Yinhao, went bankrupt due to a run. After the bankruptcy, Hu Xueyan owed huge debts. Almost all the pawnshops and shops under his name, as well as his mansions, furniture, utensils and even clothes, accessories and other assets are used to pay off debts. Just more than a year later, a generation of giants passed away in despair, very miserable.


It can be seen that the limited liability company system is a product of modern times. The enterprises established by ancient merchants are actually almost the sole proprietorships we have today. Therefore, some people refer to sole proprietorships and partnerships collectively as "Classical Enterprise", and the limited liability company become a "Modern Enterprise".


A huge flaw in classical enterprises is that when partners are making money, they are of course happy to have meat. But what if you lose money?


Classical companies belong to the bosses themselves, and they have to pay for bankruptcy. A company under Hu Xueyans name has closed down, and as the boss, he has to pay for all his fortunes. This is the so-called unlimited liability. There is no boundary between the personal assets of the business owner and the assets of the business.


Moreover, in a traditional partnership, several people work together. If the person making the decision makes a mistake, even if the decision has nothing to do with you, as a partner, you have to bear unlimited joint and several liabilities.


This is terrible. If it were you, would you dare to take the money to do high-risk and high-investment things? Under the system of classical enterprises, few people dare to take this risk. What should we do when we have to take a risk? This calls for a new system, the limited liability company system.

现代企业 Modern Enterprise


The limited liability company system sprouted in the British East India Company in 1600. The purpose of these companies was mostly to sail, do trade, or even grab things. Then this kind of normalized long-distance adventure requires more than a few people. Its all together, even the king doesnt have such financial resources. At this time, a large number of shareholders are needed to pool together a huge amount of funds.


In order to make everyone feel relieved to take out the money, the Europeans invented the limited liability system. This system was gradually formed. It was not until 1855 that the limited liability system was clearly recognized in the British law and became generally accepted by us today. System.


What is limited liability? It is how much money you spend in the business, and finally how much money you use to assume debt liability, and will not involve your other personal assets anymore. It is precisely because of this seemingly simple innovation that the company has officially entered the stage of a "modern company" from a "classical enterprise".


Why is the innovation of limited liability so important? This is because limited liability eliminates the worries of bankruptcy and joint liability, so that you can boldly innovate and take risks, and more people, even strangers, can safely take out their money. Gathering together, in this way, solved the financing problem that classical enterprises could not solve.


As the requirements for large-scale funds in socialized production become more and more common and urgent, the value of the company is becoming more and more recognized.

“有限责任制度”两个最大的好处? The two biggest benefits of the "limited liability system"?

1. 承担有限责任

Limited liability


Because of the limited liability system, the company can become a legal person, that is, a legal person, corresponding to a natural person. A legal person is an organization, but it is legally personified.


If something goes wrong with the company, then the legal person will use all of its assets to assume responsibility for the debts, and the natural person shareholders only need to compensate the creditors for their capital contributions.


Therefore, the definition of a company is a legal person enterprise, and a "classical enterprise" is called a natural person enterprise.

2. 股权可以转让

Equity can be transferred


If the person holding the shares is to bear unlimited joint and several liability for mismanagement, who would dare to take this share? What will happen if shares cannot be bought and sold freely?


Quite simply, natural persons will always get sick or die, or if they do not want to do it, then the company will die. And when the shares can be transferred, this problem does not exist for the company, and it can continue to operate in a sustainable manner, and the company as a legal person enterprise can do a longer-term layout and do a greater cause.


"Enterprise" and "company" are two different concepts. The biggest difference between a classical enterprise and a modern company is that the company has a limited liability system. This system allows companies to gather huge amounts of capital and allows them to have legally independent personality. Allow the company to operate in a sustainable manner.


The power of the company is the power of system innovation. From unlimited liability to limited liability to innovation, the evolution of human civilization from limited space to unlimited possibilities.